Oil Field Workers' Strike

   (1938)
   Sparked by a dispute over holidays between Burmese oil field workers at wells at Chauk and Yenaungyaung (Yaynangyoung) and the British-owned Burmah Oil Company, the strike, which began in January 1938, was organized by local branches of the Dobama Asiayone and soon developed into a movement with strong political and anticolonial overtones. But most of the 12,000 laborers involved were back at work by October 1938, and strike leaders sought to revive the movement by organizing a 400-mile march from the oil fields to Rangoon (Yangon) by way of Magwe (Magway) in the following month. On January 8, 1939, the marchers arrived at the Shwe Dagon Pagoda, and their supporters, including workers at the Syriam (Thanlyin) oil refinery, farmers, firemen, bus drivers, as well as members of the Sangha, women's groups, tats, and Rangoon University Students Union, held massive demonstrations, although the authorities thwarted a Dobama-organized general strike. The oil field strike was the beginning of the modern labor movement in Burma, witnessing the establishment of the All Burma Trade Union Congress. Known as the "1300 Revolution" (1938-1939 was the year 1300 in the Burmese Era), it also anticipated the massive prodemocracy demonstrations of 1988, the "1350 Revolution," in which huge crowds of townspeople joined with activists to protest the Ne Win government.
   See also Aung Gyaw, Bo.

Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar). . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kern Front Oil Field — The Kern Front Oil Field is a large oil and gas field in the lower Sierra Nevada foothills in Kern County, California. Discovered in 1912, and with a cumulative production of around convert|210|Moilbbl|m3 of oil, it ranks 29th in size in the… …   Wikipedia

  • Oil and Natural Gas —    Burma possesses abundant oil and natural gas resources, located both onshore and offshore. During the Konbaung Dynasty, earth oil was extracted from wells around Yenangyaung (Yaynangyoung), in present day Magwe (Magway) Division. The wells… …   Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)

  • Oil! —   1st edition …   Wikipedia

  • Oil, Chemical and Atomic Workers International Union — OCAW Full name Oil, Chemical and Atomic Workers International Union Founded 1918 Date dissolved January 4, 1999 Merged into Paper, Allied Industri …   Wikipedia

  • Oil in Mexico — Mexico is the sixth largest producer of oil in the world and the tenth largest in terms of net export as of 2007. It is the second largest oil producer in the Western Hemisphere behind only the United States and just ahead of Canada. However,… …   Wikipedia

  • Oil reserves in Venezuela — Orinoco Oil Belt assessment unit, USGS The proven oil reserves in Venezuela are claimed to be the largest in the world, according to an announcement in early 2011 by President Hugo Chavez and the Venezuelan government. The reported proven… …   Wikipedia

  • Oil and gas industry in the United Kingdom — This article sets out the role of the UK oil and gas industry in the economy, energy supply and technology. It also covers the industry’s safety and environmental record and its prospects for the future. Contents 1 Location 2 Exploration and… …   Wikipedia

  • 2003 world oil market chronology — *January 6: Venezuelan Minister of Energy and Mines Rafael Ramírez announces that the Venezuelan government plans to split state oil company Petroleos de Venezuela S.A. (PdVSA) into two separate entities as part of a large scale restructuring of… …   Wikipedia

  • 1990-1999 world oil market chronology — 1990*Aug: Iraq invades Kuwait. Crude and product prices soar upward; exchange markets react wildly to any middle east news events; cash markets dominate prices after trading hours; jet fuel prices rise to record spreads over other products due to …   Wikipedia

  • 2002 world oil market chronology — *January 1: The OPEC crude oil production quota cuts of 1.5 million barrels per day, announced on December 28, officially go into effect for six months. Crude oil production or export cuts of convert|462500|oilbbl/d|m3/d by five non OPEC oil… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.